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nginx+keepalive 实现高可用负载均衡方案

拒绝平庸的技术博客 12247 阅读

主nginx负载均衡器:172.26.11.99  (通过keepalived配置了VIP:172.26.11.101供外使用)
副nginx负载均衡器:172.26.11.100 (通过keepalived配置了VIP:172.26.11.101供外使用)

后端web服务器:
172.26.11.73
172.26.11.74

一、172.26.11.99 以及 172.26.11.100的关键nginx配置如下:
vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

#################
....
upstream  www.xxx.com  {
server   172.26.11.73:8080 max_fails=1;#max_fails 表示健康检查失败的次数,这里表示次数为一次,即标记该服务器down了
server   172.26.11.74:8080 max_fails=1;
}

server
{
listen  80;
server_name  www.xxx.com;

location / {
proxy_next_upstream error timeout http_500 http_502 http_504;  #这里表示健康检查涉及到的情形,有这些情形的,都切换到另外的web服务器访问
proxy_read_timeout 10s;   #这里表示程序返回的时间,请参考php.ini的max_exe_time来设置。
proxy_pass        http://www.xxx.com;
proxy_set_header   Host             $host;
proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

}

#access_log  /var/log/nginx/xxx.log;
}

##########################

二、安装keepalive (centos)

#安装 popt
yum -y install popt popt-devel

cd /data/software
wget http://www.keepalived.org/software/keepalived-1.2.8.tar.gz
cd /data/src
tar zxf ../software/keepalived-1.2.8.tar.gz
cd keepalived-1.2.8
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/keepalived --sysconf=/etc
make && make install

cp /usr/local/keepalived/sbin/keepalived  /bin/
chkconfig --add keepalived
#设置开机启动
chkconfig keepalived on
#启动keepalive服务
/etc/init.d/keepalived start

如果是ubuntu 直接 apt-get install keepalived 吧….

三、keepalive设置
cp /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf_bak

MASTER
vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf

! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
	notification_email {
		admin@test.com
	}
	notification_email_from admin@test.com
	smtp_server xxx.smtp.com
	smtp_connect_timeout 30
	router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script Monitor_Nginx {
	 script "/root/monitor_nginx.sh"
	 interval 2
	 weight 2
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
	state MASTER    #(主机为MASTER,备用机为BACKUP)
	interface eth0  #(HA监测网络接口)

	virtual_router_id 61 #(主、备机的virtual_router_id必须相同)
	#mcast_src_ip 172.26.11.99 #(多播的源IP,设置为本机外网IP,与VIP同一网卡)此项可不设置
	priority 90 #(主、备机取不同的优先级,主机值较大,备份机值较小,值越大优先级越高)
	advert_int 1 #(VRRP Multicast广播周期秒数)
	authentication {
		auth_type PASS #(VRRP认证方式)
		auth_pass 1234 #(密码)
	}

	track_script {
		Monitor_Nginx #(调用nginx进程检测脚本)
	}
	virtual_ipaddress {
.26.11.101 #(VRRP HA虚拟地址)
	}
}

BACKUP方面只需要修改state为BACKUP , priority比MASTER稍低即可

四、监控nginx进程的脚本:monitor_nginx.sh 内容如下:
vim /root/monitor_nginx.sh
当检测到nginx进程不存在的时候,就干掉所有的keepalived,这时候,请求将会由keepalived的backup接管!!

#!/bin/bash
if [ "$(ps -ef | grep "nginx: master process"| grep -v grep )" == "" ]
 then
 killall keepalived
fi

chmod +x /root/monitor_nginx.sh

172.26.11.99 172.26.11.100都重新启动keepalived:
service keepalived restart

这里请注意,当keepalived启动后,我们可以用命令:

ip add show eth0 来看我们的eth0网卡确实被添加了虚拟IP,如下图:

22222222222 nginx+keepalive 实现高可用负载均衡方案

完毕,可以测试了!

作者:拒绝平庸的技术博客
专注有效的web技术
原文地址:nginx+keepalive 实现高可用负载均衡方案, 感谢原作者分享。

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