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28个超牛逼的JavaScript技术用法

程序师 86 阅读

Javascript是一门很吊的语言,我可能学了假的JavaScript,哈哈,大家还有什么推荐的,补充送那啥邀请码。

本文秉承着:你看不懂是你SB,我写的代码就要牛逼。

1、单行写一个评级组件

“★★★★★☆☆☆☆☆”.slice(5 – rate, 10 – rate);定义一个变量rate是1到5的值,然后执行上面代码,看图

才发现插件什么的都弱爆了

2、如何装逼用代码骂别人SB

(!(~+[])+{})[--[~+""][+[]]*[~+[]] + ~~!+[]]+({}+[])[[~!+[]]*~+[]]


3、如何用代码优雅的证明自己NB

这个牛逼了

   console.log(([][[]]+[])[+!![]]+([]+{})[!+[]+!![]])

4、JavaScript 错误处理的方式的正确姿势

,舅服你

try {
    something
} catch (e) {
    window.location.href =
        "http://stackoverflow.com/search?q=[js]+" +
        e.message;
}

5、从一行代码里面学点JavaScript

[].forEach.call($$("*"),function(a){
    a.style.outline="1px solid #"+(~~(Math.random()*(1<<24))).toString(16)
})

翻译成正常语言就是这样的

Array.prototype.forEach.call(document.querySelectorAll('*'), 
dom => dom.style.outline = `1px solid #${parseInt(Math.random() * 
Math.pow(2,24)).toString(16)}`)

接下来在浏览器控制看看:something magic happens


6、论如何优雅的取随机字符串

Math.random().toString(16).substring(2) 
Math.random().toString(36).substring(2)

7、(10)[“toString”]() === “10”

8、匿名函数自执行

这么多写法你选择哪一种?我选择死亡。

( function() {}() );
( function() {} )();
[ function() {}() ];

~ function() {}();
! function() {}();
+ function() {}();
- function() {}();

delete function() {}();
typeof function() {}();
void function() {}();
new function() {}();
new function() {};

var f = function() {}();
, function() {}();
 ^ function() {}();
 > function() {}();
// ...

9、另外一种undefined

从来不需要声明一个变量的值是undefined,因为JavaScript会自动把一个未赋值的变量置为undefined。所有如果你在代码里这么写,会被鄙视的

var data = undefined;

但是如果你就是强迫症发作,一定要再声明一个暂时没有值的变量的时候赋上一个undefined。那你可以考虑这么做:

 var data = void 0; // undefined

void在JavaScript中是一个操作符,对传入的操作不执行并且返回undefined。void后面可以跟()来用,例如void(0),看起来是不是很熟悉?没错,在HTML里阻止带href的默认点击操作时,都喜欢把href写成javascript:void(0),实际上也是依靠void操作不执行的意思。

当然,除了出于装逼的原因外,实际用途上不太赞成使用void,因为void的出现是为了兼容早起ECMAScript标准中没有undefined属性。void 0的写法让代码晦涩难懂。

10、论如何优雅的取整

var a = ~~2.33

var b= 2.33 | 0

var c= 2.33 >> 0

11、如何优雅的实现金钱格式化:1234567890 –> 1,234,567,890

用正则魔法实现:

var test1 = '1234567890'
var format = test1.replace(/\B(?=(\d{3})+(?!\d))/g, ',')

console.log(format) // 1,234,567,890

非正则的优雅实现:

 function formatCash(str) {
       return str.split('').reverse().reduce((prev, next, index) => {
            return ((index % 3) ? next : (next + ',')) + prev
       })
}
console.log(formatCash('1234567890')) // 1,234,567,890

12、这个我服,还有这个你很机智

我服

while (1) {
    alert('牛逼你把我关了啊')
}

你很机智,好一个障眼法

清除缓存: <a href="javascript:alert('清除成功');">清除缓存</a>

13、逗号运算符

var a = 0; 
var b = ( a++, 99 ); 
console.log(a);  // 1
console.log(b);  // 99

14、论如何最佳的让两个整数交换数值

常规办法:

var a=1,b=2;
a += b;
b = a - b;
a -= b;

缺点也很明显,整型数据溢出,对于32位字符最大表示数字是2147483647,如果是2147483645和2147483646交换就失败了。
黑科技办法:

a ^= b;
b ^= a;
a ^= b;

哈哈

,看不懂的童鞋建议去补习一下C语言的位操作,我就不去复习了,以前学嵌入式时候学的位操作都忘了

15、实现标准JSON的深拷贝

var a = {
    a: 1,
    b: { c: 1, d: 2 }
}
var b=JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(a))

不考虑IE的情况下,标准JSON格式的对象蛮实用,不过对于undefined和function的会忽略掉。

16、不用Number、parseInt和parseFloat和方法把”1″字符串转换成数字

哈哈,不准用强制类型转换,那么就想到了强大了隐式转换

var a =1 
+a

17、如何装逼的写出”hello world!”

滚动条很长哦

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居然能运行,牛逼的隐式转换


18、parseInt(0.0000008) === 8

19、++[[]][+[]]+[+[]] == 10

强大的隐式转换,23333

20、0.1 + 0.2 == 0.3

0.1 +0.2 == 0.3 竟然是不成立的。。。。所以这就是为什么数据库存储对于货币的最小单位都是分。

简单说, 0.1 0.2 的二进制浮点表示都不是精确的,所以相加后不是 0.3 ,接近(不等于)
0.30000000000000004

所以,比较数字时,应该有个宽容值。ES6中这个宽容值被预定义了: Number.EPSILON

21、最短的代码实现数组去重

[...new Set([1, "1", 2, 1, 1, 3])]

前不久面试阿里就问了这道题,哈哈,所以也写上一下

22、用最短的代码实现一个长度为m(6)且值都n(8)的数组

Array(6).fill(8)

这个够短了吧,好像是当初哪里看到的一个面试题,就自己想到了ES6的一些API

23、短路表达式

条件判断

var a = b && 1
    // 相当于
if (b) {
    a = 1
} else {
    a = b
}

var a = b || 1
    // 相当于
if (b) {
    a = b
} else {
    a = 1
}

24、JavaScript版迷宫


逃出迷宫,2333

25、取出一个数组中的最大值和最小值

var numbers = [5, 458 , 120 , -215 , 228 , 400 , 122205, -85411]; 
var maxInNumbers = Math.max.apply(Math, numbers); 
var minInNumbers = Math.min.apply(Math, numbers);

26、将argruments对象转换成数组

var argArray = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);

或者ES6:

var argArray = Array.from(arguments)

27、javascript高逼格之Function构造函数

很多JavaScript教程都告诉我们,不要直接用内置对象的构造函数来创建基本变量,例如var arr = new Array(2); 的写法就应该用var arr = [1, 2];的写法来取代。

但是,Function构造函数(注意是大写的Function)有点特别。Function构造函数接受的参数中,第一个是要传入的参数名,第二个是函数内的代码(用字符串来表示)。

var f = new Function('a', 'alert(a)');
f('jawil'); // 将会弹出窗口显示jawil

这种方式可以根据传入字符串内容来创建一个函数 是不是高大上?!

28、从一个数组中找到一个数,O(n)的算法,找不到就返回 null。

正常的版本:

function find (x, y) {
  for ( let i = 0; i < x.length; i++ ) {
    if ( x[i] == y ) return i;
  }
  return null;
}
 
let arr = [0,1,2,3,4,5]
console.log(find(arr, 2))
console.log(find(arr, 8))

结果到了函数式成了下面这个样子(好像上面的那些代码在下面若影若现,不过又有点不太一样,为了消掉if语言,让其看上去更像一个表达式,动用了 ? 号表达式):

//函数式的版本
const find = ( f => f(f) ) ( f =>
  (next => (x, y, i = 0) =>
    ( i >= x.length) ?  null :
      ( x[i] == y ) ? i :
        next(x, y, i+1))((...args) =>
          (f(f))(...args)))
 
let arr = [0,1,2,3,4,5]
console.log(find(arr, 2))
console.log(find(arr, 8))

如何读懂并写出装逼的函数式代码

最后奉劝大家一句:莫装逼、白了少年头,2333。。。

作者:程序师
用程序师的眼光看世界
原文地址:28个超牛逼的JavaScript技术用法, 感谢原作者分享。

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